1. Identify common causes of moral distress in critical care nurses who are caring for dying patients.
  2. Describe the concept of psychological empowerment and the 4 cognitions it encompasses.
  3. Discuss the study findings as related to the relationship between moral distress intensity and frequency, psychological empowerment, and participant demographics. 
  4. Think about a situation where moral distress would be an issue in the last hours of life in your patient.  Then, describe why it would be an example of moral distress.