Answers must: 

Read the case study below and answer the following questions

Issues with Rural, Migrant, and Urban Health Care

Marty, a 75-year-old male, with a history of myocardial infarction called home complaining of heartburn and running out of antacids. When his daughter-in-law reminded him to maintain his rest and diet times, Marty grew angry. “Knock it off. I am doing fine despite what the doctor said. I will care for the diabetes after the harvest and I will come home as soon as I can.”

Driving his combine formation with other workers for a night harvest, Marty paused at 9:45 PM for a break while the rest of the combine formation continued moving forward. Marty’s 6-year-old grandson rode in the combine with him to experience his first night harvest. No further communication was received from Marty’s combine.

The boy’s mother called again at 10:00 PM with no answer. Used to “farm time” and dead space for the cell phones, she was not overly worried but was concerned about her son being out so late at night. The mother called her spouse who drove another combine in a different field to find out why the boy was not yet home. The father dispatched a truck to find Marty while the combines continued harvesting and gleaning.

The truck driver found the missing combine on its side in a gully with the lights shining upward. A satellite phone was used to notify the Northern Air Ambulance and the local 911 of GPS coordinates. The volunteer flight and paramedic teams were dispatched. The Italian-made Agusta Power-109 helicopter used instruments to fly over two counties of hilly terrain. The single pilot employed night vision goggles to study the instrument panel and the radio to keep the pilot informed of ground rescue operations and hospital preparations. The flight nurses double checked the laryngoscopes, blood supplies, and jump kits while maintaining contact with the first scene arrivals.

When the paramedic vehicle arrived, an employee truck was seen driving away from the combine. Marty was unconscious with a weak, irregular pulse of 100, BP of 65/48, and respirations of 26. A bruise over the right mastoid is noticed. The grandson is conscious and crying, splinted for a broken leg. His pulse is 120, BP 138/118, and respirations of 24. Purple circles are seen around his eyes. The 6- year-old complains of a headache and calls for his mother.

  1. How will the nurse gather needed information to effect a successful rescue?
  1. What travel and emergency transport resources are available?
  1. What rural barriers to diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up resources exist?
  1. What roles do rural nursing theory principles play in Marty’s health behaviors?
  1. The nearest critical access hospital does not have a trauma level due to the lack of a 24-hour staff with trauma training. What types of trauma support do patient needs indicate?