Analyze differences among research, evidence-based practice, practice-based evidence, comparative effectiveness research, outcomes research, and quality improvement. How do these practices affect nursing and patient outcomes? 


From the International Severity Information Systems. (n.d.). Practice-based evidence study design for comparative… : Medical care. LWW. Retrieved February 14, 2022, from (Links to an external site.)

Hartung, D. M., Guise, J. M., Fagnan, L. J., Davis, M. M., & Stange, K. C. (2012). Role of practice-based research networks in comparative effectiveness research. Journal of comparative effectiveness research1(1), 45–55.

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Davis, M. M., Keller, S., DeVoe, J. E., & Cohen, D. J. (2012). Characteristics and lessons learned from practice-based research networks (PBRNs) in the United States. Journal of healthcare leadership4, 107–116.